Romania, as a partner country, comprehensively and consistently helps Ukraine in confronting the military and energy aggression of the Russian Federation. Additional contingents to deter the aggressor have been deployed in the country within the framework of NATO. Romania supports Ukraine’s European aspirations, and has announced its readiness to help rebuild Ukraine after the end of the war.
In Bucharest, many understood earlier that Russia would lose the war started against Ukraine. On May 14, one of the first, the Romanian embassy resumed its work in Kyiv. And on June 16, 2022, the President of Romania, Klaus Iohannis, visited Ukraine as part of an important delegation of European leaders, who stated that the EU will help Ukraine defeat the aggressor, and not just stop it at some border.
Romania joined a number of countries that reduced the staff of Russian diplomatic missions due to Russian atrocities in Buchi and recognized ten employees of the Russian embassy in Bucharest as persona non grata.
Also, Romania supports all measures of the international court to bring to justice those who caused war crimes against Ukrainians. In addition, the country believes that the pseudo-referendums held by the Russian Federation in the occupied territories at the end of September were a vivid reminder of the injustice that took place in Crimea in 2014.
Romania became the seventh country to join the Joint Investigative Group for the Investigation of Serious International Crimes in Ukraine. The agreement on the accession of the country was signed by Ukrainian Prosecutor General Andriy Kostin, Romanian Prosecutor General Gabriela Scutea and other members of the group during the coordination meeting of Eurojust in The Hague. Romania has already started its own investigation, and called on Ukrainians who ended up in Romania because of the war and witnessed war crimes to testify.
According to the Regulation of the Council of the EU on restrictive measures in connection with the actions of Russia to destabilize the situation in Ukraine from April 17, 2022, it is forbidden to enter Romanian ports for any vessel registered under the Russian flag, including yachts and boats. In turn, vessels flying the flag of Ukraine have priority in Romanian ports and are exempt from payment of port services.
Since the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Romania has responded promptly to provide assistance to Ukrainian refugees. Currently, more than 100,000 Ukrainians have found protection in the country. More than €63 million has already been allocated to help temporary migrants, which consists of free access to medical services, education, as well as measures to support children, provision of free transport on the territory of Romania, opening of the labor market.
The Union of Ukrainians of Romania sent 36 trucks of humanitarian aid to Ukraine, namely basic necessities: food, water, clothes, hygiene products, blankets, pillows, sleeping bags, common medicines, hygiene products, diapers and baby food, etc. In total, more than 700 tons of essential products have already been sent to Ukraine. At the same time, SUR representatives are at checkpoints located on the border with Ukraine and provide all necessary support to refugees.
In the Romanian city Seret, 40 kilometers from Chernivtsi, the humanitarian hub Help Ukraine Romania operates. Products, clothes and medicines are collected there, which are sent to the regions of Ukraine. Aid is provided by international organizations and volunteers. It was possible to transport five thousand tons of humanitarian aid in half a year.
Romania allocates about €400,000, which will be transferred to the special NATO trust fund for Ukraine, as a voluntary contribution to strengthen the stability and defense of our country.
Romania is also helping Ukraine with fuel, medical equipment, medicines and equipment and supplies needed to fight the aggressor worth more than three million euros.
The Government of Romania has expressed its readiness to accept wounded Ukrainians in military hospitals. In addition, NATO’s Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Center and Romania signed a cooperation agreement to train paramedics for Ukrainian emergency services.
The development of mutually beneficial trade and economic cooperation also remains an important priority of the two countries.
The analysis of export and import transactions of the Dnipropetrovsk region with Romania also demonstrates a high level of partnership relations, because the mentioned state is one of the key trade partners of the region. Romania ranks 5th among exporters from the Dnipropetrovsk region among EU countries.
According to the results of 2021, the volume of export of goods from the Dnipropetrovsk region increased by 41.4% ($374.9 million), which accounted for 24.3% of the volume of Ukraine to Romania. Among the goods that are in the greatest demand among Romanian consumers are iron ores and concentrates, fertilizers, ferrous metals and ferrous metal products, etc.
Export operations were carried out by 107 enterprises from the Dnipropetrovsk region.
The main exporting companies are enterprises of the mining and metallurgical complex and the processing industry.
TOP-5 exporting enterprises (ranking by volume of export products):
The import of goods from Romania to the Dnipropetrovsk region amounted to $24.77 million (3.1% of Ukraine’s imports from Romania) and increased by 37.9% compared to 2020. Dnipropetrovsk region bought the most plastics, polymer materials, medicines, wood, ferrous metals and their products, and others.
Import operations were carried out by 129 importer enterprises.
TOP-5 enterprises of importers (ranking by volume of imported products):